Best Hip Replacement Surgery Hospital in Lagos
Hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty) is surgery to replace a worn-out or damaged hip joint. The surgeon replaces the old joint with an artificial joint (prosthesis). This surgery may be a choice after a hip fracture or for severe pain because of arthritis.
Various types of arthritis may affect the hip joint:
- Osteoarthritis. This is a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. It may cause the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the hips.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. This type of arthritis causes inflammation of the synovial lining of the joint. It causes extra synovial fluid. It may lead to severe pain and stiffness.
- Traumatic arthritis. This is arthritis is caused by an injury. It may also damage the hip cartilage.
Hip Replacement Surgery required if,
- Hip pain that prevents walking, bending, climbing stairs or doing daily chores
- Pain in your hip even when not walking or standing
- Stiffness in your hip that prevents lifting your leg
- Failure of non-surgical treatments to provide relief
- Depression or other changes in your mental health
- Your doctor rules out other health problems
Bilateral Hip Replacement vs. Staged Hip Replacements
If both hips require replacement, surgeons may choose a staged hip replacement. They replace one hip at a time, letting the patient recover from the first surgery before doing the second one. Alternatively, the patient may undergo a bilateral hip replacement in which both hips are replaced at the same time.
Device manufacturers design hip implants to mimic the natural movement of the body. The primary differences between implants are their size and the material of the components.
Hip Replacement Implant Types
How Total Hip Replacement done in Lagos
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components.
- The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem may be either cemented or “press fit” into the bone.
- A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem. This ball replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed.
- The damaged cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place.
- A plastic, ceramic, or metal spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow for a smooth gliding surface.
Hip Replacement Recovery
After surgery, you’ll be moved to a recovery area for a few hours while your anesthesia wears off. Medical staff will monitor your blood pressure, pulse, alertness, pain or comfort level, and your need for medications.
Some people can go home the same day, but most are admitted to the hospital for one or two nights. You’ll be asked to breathe deeply, cough or blow into a device to help keep fluid out of your lungs.