Bone marrow transplant in Ethiopia – Find Cost, Best Doctors, Hospitals, Reviews, Book An Appointment

Bone marrow transplant is another emerging treatment that is advancing in Ethiopia. The bone marrow transplant cost in Ethiopia may range between ETB 5,00,000 – ETB 15,67,000. The government of Ethiopia is collaborating with NGOs and international health associations to establish the best treatments and healthcare facilities for bone and marrow diseases. Several people in Ethiopia suffer from hematological disorders, and leukemia is the most prevalent disease, reported to be 9% at Jimma University and 11% at Wollo University. 

According to Globocan 2020 research, males and females of all age groups have leukemia, which is the third most common cause of new cancer cases, with a death rate of 4364 new cases. Other diseases include non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and bone marrow failure syndromes.

The majority of hematological malignancies (cancer tumors) in Ethiopia are treated in regional hospitals, and Tikur Anbessa Specialised Hospital in Addis Ababa is the first provider of hematological disorder treatments. The best Oncology center in Ethiopia like Cancer Care Ethiopia, black lion hospital cancer treatment center Addis Ababa, Hope Oncology Speciality Clinic focus on various fronts like Immunotherapy, the latest medicines for genetic mutation and abnormalities, stem cell transplants, and bone marrow transplants for cancer diseases in the Ethiopian population.

Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia 2024

Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia Average Cost in Ethiopian Birr (Br)
Autologous (Myeloma) ETB 8,60,000
Autologous (Lymphoma) ETB 9,80,000
Allogenic (Full Match – Leukemia, AML, ALL, Sickel cell, Anemia, Thalassemia) ETB 9,20,000
Allogenic (Half Match – Leukemia, AML, ALL, Sickel cell, Anemia, Thalassemia) ETB 18,60,000
Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant ETB 15,67,000

Who Are Eligible Candidates for Bone Marrow Transplant?

  • A person suffering from different cancers, immune system disorders, and bone marrow failure syndromes.
  • A person has cancer conditions like lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma.
  • A person with bone marrow failure like myelodysplastic syndromes or aplastic anemia
  • A person with aggressive cancerous tumors


The patient undergoing a bone marrow transplant should be between 18 and 60 years old. Note that older adults have more risk of complications.

Types of Bone Marrow Transplant Available in Ethiopia

Multiple Myeloma Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia

According to research studies in Ethiopia, 22 cases of multiple myeloma were found in the internal medicine department of Black Lion Hospital in Addis Ababa. The patients experienced bone pain(91%), tenderness (68%), anemia (64%), and spinal cord compression (36%). Every patient experienced radiological abnormalities, a combination of lytic lesions, pathological fractures, and osteoporosis. This research study proves that multiple myeloma is a common condition in Ethiopia. Myeloma bone marrow cancer symptoms include bone pain, broken bones, tiredness, shortness, kidney problems, feeling sick, abnormal blood counts, frequent infection, and racing heart. Bone marrow transplants replace unhealthy blood-forming cells with healthy cells. Autologous (Myeloma) BMT cost in Ethiopia is ETB 8,60,000.

Lymphoma Bone Cancer Treatment in Ethiopia

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that occurs in lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. According to a lymphoma research study in Ethiopia, research was performed on 83 cases aged 4 – 79 years. The research found 21 had Hodgkin’s disease, 61 nonhodgkin’s lymphoma, and 1% unspecified lymphoma. This study shows that all the patients have many similarities in lymphoma proportion in different age groups. The research identified minor differences in the histologic pattern of Hodgkin’s disease. Bone marrow transplant is an option for lymphoma condition. Autologous bone marrow transplant cost for Lymphoma is ETB 9,80,000 in Ethiopia.

Allogenic Full Match Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia

Allogenic full-match bone marrow transplant uses stem cells from a related donor, which will be infused into the bloodstream, where they will travel to bone marrow and start creating new blood cells. Allogenic full-match BMT is recommended for Aplastic anemia, full-match – Leukemia, AML, ALL, Sickel cell, and Thalassemia. The average cost of Allogenic Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia is ETB 9,20,000.

Allogenic – Half Match Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia

Allogenic BMT involves half-match bone marrow from related donors like sisters, brothers, and parents, they can be 50% match. The allogenic half-match BMT has procedures of pre-transplant conditioning, stem cell collection from red, and white blood cells and platelets, transplantation, recovery, and monitoring. The patient may require long-term follow-up which involves immune function and late effects. The Allogenic Half Match bone marrow transplant is recommended for Leukemia, AML, ALL, Sickel cell, Anemia, and Thalassemia. The average cost of allogenic half BMT cost is ETB 18,60,000.

Bone Marrow Transplant Success Rate in Ethiopia

Bone marrow transplant is an advanced treatment for various cancer treatments, and the outcome is successful with a 75% – 90% survival rate with matching sibling donors and 40% – 65% with unrelated donors. Ethiopia provides limited facilities for BMT compared to other countries. The Ethiopian people needing bone marrow transplants are required to travel overseas for more complex conditions. India is the most preferred country, providing successful bone marrow transplant treatments. However, the success rate of bone marrow transplants depends on different types of conditions. Factors like advanced infrastructure, medical facilities, and availability of bone marrow transplant specialists also affect the overall success rate.

Bone Marrow Transplant in Ethiopia Reviews 2024

  • Ethiopia offers the best bone marrow transplant at a limited level.
  • Ethiopia has connections to international hospitals, experts in other countries, and bone marrow transplant surgeons who offer treatment overseas.
  • The bone marrow transplant surgeon offers pretransplant evaluations, treatments, and follow-ups.
  • The oncology center in Ethiopia provides advanced technologies for the diagnosis of different types of bone marrow diseases and recommends specialist consultation.
  • Contact Africa Infoline for more guidance for bone marrow transplants in India.

Bone Marrow Transplant Insurance Ethiopia

Ethiopia like other developing countries has limited access to major health facilities and insurance. Ethiopia provides Community-based Health Insurance for all citizens for emergencies. This insurance facilities are managed by the members for basic health care. The insurance plan will be provided during the consultation. If Ethiopian patient seeking bone marrow transplants in India, several hospitals in India cover BMT treatments. Make sure to check your eligibility by contacting Africa Infoline.

Latest Advancements in Bone Marrow Transplants 2024

The annual meeting of American Society of Hematology 2023 highlighted Bone Marrow (Stem Cell) Transplants have key developments in treating and preventing graft vs host disease. That is the major complication affecting patient’s quality of life and survival rate after transplant. There is an increased adoption of use Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide. This is helpful after chemotherapy after stem cell transplant to modulate T cells and their function after transplant which leads to a reduction in graft versus host disease.  

Additionally, advancedment is the use of JAK inhibitors to treat graft vs host disease. JAK inhibitors are (Xeljanz, Cibinqo, Olumiant, Rinvoq, and Jyseleca) drugs to treat chronic inflammatory disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, axial spondyloarthritis, atopic dermatitis, ulcerative colitis. Despite mixed findings about the efficacy in prevention, the overall advancement shows a positive shift toward improving the success of stem cell transplants during clinical practice.

Bone Marrow Donor Program Ethiopia

Ethiopia, as a developing country, works with international bone marrow registry and stem cell donation organizations to facilitate donor matches. These bone marrow registry organizations provide a database for potential donors willing to donate bone marrow and stem cells to patients. When the patient needs it, the doctors check registries for bone marrow transplant donor matches and contact the donor. When a patient can not find a compatible donor within the country, the international registry checks for bone marrow transplant donors. Please contact Africa Infoline for more guidance.

Plasma Cells in Bone Marrow Biopsy

Normal plasma cells in bone marrow develop from B lymphocytes a type of white blood cell that is created in the bone marrow. When the body is attacked by viruses or bacteria, the B cells will change into plasma cells. The plasma cells create antibodies to fight viruses and bacteria to stop infection.

What is a bone marrow test used to diagnose?

The bone marrow specialist uses bone marrow biopsy to diagnose and monitor marrow and blood diseases, including cancer.

Why would a doctor order a bone marrow biopsy?

If the blood tests are abnormal, your doctor may perform a bone marrow exam to diagnose blood cells and bone marrow.

What if a bone marrow biopsy is negative?

There is nothing wrong with negative results of bone marrow biopsy. It means certain cancer disease is absent, but you can still confirm with another test.

Why would a doctor order a bone marrow biopsy?

Bone marrow biopsy is recommended when a patient is suspected of not creating blood cells. This test is performed by a pathologist who examines blood and bone marrow samples in a lab.

Top Hospital Networks in Ethiopia for Bone Marrow Transplant

  • PlacidWay Ethiopia, Addis Ababa
  • PlacidWay Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
  • PlacidWay Cameroon, Cameroon
  • PlacidWay, Kenya
  • Blue Ribbon Prostate Clinic, Delhi, India
  • Yashoda Hospital, Hyderabad, India
  • Ranka Hospital, Pune, India
  • Max Institute of Cancer Care Gurgaon, India
  • Narayana Hospital Group Kolkata, India
  • Global Hospital Group Mumbai, India
  • Antobel Services Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, India
  • Apollo Proton Cancer Center Bangalore, India
  • Apollo Victor Hospital Mumbai, India

Frequently Asked Questions

Does Ethiopia provide bone marrow transplants?

Yes, the best oncology center in Ethiopia provides bone marrow transplants with international collaboration.

What is cost of a bone marrow transplant in Ethiopia?

The bone marrow transplant price in Ethiopia ranges between 5,00,000 – ETB 15,67,000.

What is fatty bone marrow?

Fatty bone marrow is present in the bone marrow cavity and accounts for 70% of adult bone marrow volume.

What is cellular bone marrow?

Cellular bone marrow is soft and fatty tissue present in the bones. The cellular bone marrow has mesenchymal and hematopoietic.

Can you find cancer treatment in Ethiopia?

Yes, Bone marrow transplants are available for different cancer diseases in Ethiopia.

Top Bone Marrow Transplant Doctors in Ethiopia

Top Cancer Hospital in Ethiopia

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