Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) Surgery in Lagos
The pulmonary veins are affected by total anomalous pulmonary venous return, a congenital heart defect.
The pulmonary veins do not bind to the left atrium in complete anomalous pulmonary venous return. Instead, one or more permanent embryologic connections enable the entire pulmonary venous return to enter the systemic venous circulation. Cyanosis is harmless and patients can be asymptomatic if there is no barrier to pulmonary venous return. The pulmonary venous return can become severely obstructed, resulting in extreme neonatal cyanosis, pulmonary edoema, and pulmonary hypertension. Echocardiography is used to make the diagnosis. A surgical procedure is necessary to repair the damage.