Neurosurgery in Tanzania

Earlier, Tanzania could not satisfy the population’s medical needs; the country’s top hospitals are in Dar es Salaam. As a result, Tanzanian Patients get treatment from public hospitals. Neurological  Diseases are widely spread all over the country, but because of little awareness and Tanzanian people are missing out on early diagnosis and treatment at the start. But because of the Tanzanian Government’s Initiations, collaborations, and projects, Tanzania’s healthcare system is developing, which decreased the Neurosurgery cost in Tanzania as the surgery is performed within the country by Tanzanian Neurosurgeons. In Tanzania, neurosurgery is also known as brain surgery. Disorders of the brain, peripheral nervous system, and spinal cord are addressed, along with their diagnosis, prevention, and surgical therapy.

History of Neurosuregry in Tazania:

In Tanzania, formal neurosurgery was first practiced in the early 1970s. Despite many challenges, neurosurgery is quickly gaining acceptance and carving out a position for itself in Tanzania’s modern medical system.

Through a coordinated effort, neurosurgical services were developed in Tanzania. The development of contemporary neurosurgery techniques in Tanzania is largely the result of foreign help. Foreign cooperation has been crucial to the field’s development, whether through Reulen’s work or the educational opportunities training abroad gave local Tanzanian neurosurgeons.

Neurosurgery cost in Tanzania – Year 2023

Neurosurgery in Tanzania Average Cost in Tanzanian Shilling (TSh) Average Cost in US Dollar (USD)
BT Shunt TZS 1,98,30,666 $8,622
Brachial Plexus Injuries TZS 1,73,51,833 $7,544
Brain Aneurysm Repair TZS 1,56,99,277 $6,826
Brain Tumor Surgery TZS 1,77,64,972 $7,724
Burr-Hole Aspiration for Abscess TZS 1,85,91,250 $8,083
Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery TZS 1,90,04,388 $8,263
Cerebral Aneurysm TZS 1,52,86,139 $6,646
Cerebral Spinal Fluid Shunt Procedures TZS 2,39,62,055 $10,418
Chronic Sub-dural Haematoma TZS 1,56,99,277 $6,826
Stereotactic Procedures TZS 1,83,84,680 $7,993
Cranioplasty TZS 1,98,30,666 $8,622
Craniotomy TZS 1,90,04,388 $8,263
Gamma Knife TZS 1,52,86,139 $6,646
Glial Tumor Removal TZS 2,39,62,055 $10,418
Hydrocephalus TZS 1,56,99,277 $6,826
Peripheral Nerve Surgery TZS 1,83,84,680 $7,993
Trans sphenoid operations TZS 1,98,30,666 $8,622
VP Shunt Surgery TZS 1,87,97,819 $8,173

Top 10 Treatments Cost in Tanzania


Cranioplasty is the surgical correction of a cranial bone defect. This frequently occurs after the removal of cranio-dural tumors, depressed fractures, or even after the correction of skull abnormalities, when a decompressive craniectomy is required for cerebral edoema caused by trauma, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, or after the removal of cranio-dural malignancies. The price of Cranioplasty in Tanzania is $8,622.


The most common surgical technique for individuals with benign and malignant tumors is a craniotomy. Surgeons create a hole in the skull to access the brain during a craniotomy. Then, using precise instruments, they carry out the procedure safely. The craniotomy cost in Tanzania is $8,263.


Brain Tumor Surgery:

A group of abnormal cells that develops in or around the brain is called a brain tumor. Tumors can utterly destroy healthy brain cells. In addition, squeezing other areas of the brain and bringing on inflammation, brain swelling, and pressure inside the skull, they can also cause indirect harm to healthy cells. An anesthesiologist with an in-depth understanding of the forms of anesthetic, monitoring, and post-operative care needed for these delicate surgeries assists a neurosurgeon during brain tumor surgery. The cost of Brain Tumor Surgery in Tanzania is $7,720.


The condition of hydrocephalus is brought on by an accumulation of fluid in the brain. Pressure caused by an excessive amount of fluid can harm the brain. The cost of Hydrocephalus in Tanzania is $6,826. Although hydrocephalus is frequently incurable, it can be managed. The goal of treatment is to ease the cerebral strain. Surgery is typically used to insert a tiny tube called a shunt that aids in fluid drainage.

Cerebral Aneurysm:

A cerebral Aneurysm is a weak blood artery in the brain that bulges or balloons abnormally. The likelihood that the Cerebral Aneurysm will bleed into and around the brain increases with the protrusion size. Microsurgery can occasionally treat an aneurysm more safely, depending on its size, shape, and location. The Cerebral Aneurysm price in Tanzania is $6,646. A cerebrovascular neurosurgeon performed this surgical surgery.

Gamma Knife:

Computerized planning software is used in radiation therapy, known as gamma knife surgery. Stereotactic radiosurgery is a sophisticated method that focuses numerous beams in three dimensions on the tumor. The cost of a gamma knife in Tanzania is $6,646. Compared to risky and expensive brain surgeries that require opening the skull and making incisions on the scalp, gamma knife surgery is a safer option.

Peripheral Nerve Surgery:

Any damage to the nerves that link the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body is a peripheral nerve issue. These ailments might involve modifications to function, discomfort, and sensation brought on by prior surgeries, wounds, and occasionally systemic disorders. The Peripheral Nerve Surgery cost in Tanzania is $7,993. Peripheral nerve decompressions, graft repairs, peripheral nerve repairs, conduit repairs, nerve tumor removals, and nerve transfers are among the procedures that neurosurgeons carry out. They also continuously look for better ways to treat patients.

Why choose Tanzania for Neurosurgery?

Neurosurgeons have the best training and experiences from top institutes. The level of care is unquestionably remarkable. Tanzanian Hospitals have doctors and other medical experts who are highly qualified. At Best Tanzania Hospitals, patients receive care that corresponds with international standards.

Tanzania has become a popular destination for neurosurgery because of the quality of the healthcare provided within the country, which stops patients from flying abroad and getting treatment in the county.

Tanzania has the availability of cutting-edge facilities, and the hospital provides the best-facilitated treatment. Therefore, the Neurosurgery cost in Tanzania is also much more affordable.

Contribution of Reulen in Neurosurgery in Tanzania

Reulen, a German neurosurgeon, was crucial in establishing advanced neurosurgical services in Tanzania. Reulen trained the surgeons, who returned to Tanzania for practice and assisted in creating a legacy and continuity of care on which future Tanzanian surgeons trust. He helped Tanzania by sending various supplies and educational materials and caring for people who needed them. In addition, due to the integration of neurosurgery services within the Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute, surgeons now have a hospital to call their own and a location to concentrate their efforts.

Weill Cornell Medicine Neurosurgery Program

In 2008, Dr. Roger Härtl started Weill Cornell Medicine Neurosurgery Program in Tanzania. The main objective of the Neurosurgery Program was to provide Neurosurgery training to surgeons at Muhimbili Orthopedic and Neurosurgery Institute in Dar es Salaam. Using tools and resources readily available in the area, Dr. Härtl and his team teach regional surgeons how to carry out fundamental neurosurgical procedures and manage neurosurgical conditions and procedures.

Promising Surgeons from Tanzania are chosen for brief observational fellowships at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, where they get top-notch neurosurgical care. Once the surgeon has gone home, it is easier for doctors from Weill Cornell Medicine and Tanzanian surgeons to exchange information. In addition, an annual neurosurgical meeting with worldwide academics is held in East Africa and consists of lectures, hands-on workshops, and actual surgeries.

Conditions treated by Neurosurgeons in Tanzania.

The following are the neurological conditions treated using neurosurgery in Tanzania:

  • Head and neck cancer
  • Pain in back
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Tumors of Brain
  • Tremors
  • Brain Hemorrhage
  • Spinal cord disorders and injuries
  • Arthritis of spine
  • Fractures of spine
  • Spinal disc issues
  • Head injuries
  • Chronic headache
  • Epilepsy
  • Congenital brain disorders

Neurosurgery technologies in Tanzania

Following are the top technologies for Neurosurgery available at Tanzanian Hospitals:

  • Stereotactic computer-assisted neurosurgery
  • Robotic Technologies
  • EpicCare electronic medical record (EMR) system
  • Intraoperative MRI
  • Advanced Imaging Research Center (AIRC)

Neurosurgery Reviews in Tanzania

Doctors and other medical professionals in Tanzania can receive training and education from neurosurgery hospitals. Tanzania’s level of neurological care and services is comparable to that of the best hospitals in the world. The top neurosurgeons in Tanzania are experts in their disciplines and work at hospitals. Tanzanian Hospitals have Advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment, and Neurosurgeons are well-trained by top educational institutes.

Medical Insurance Companies for Neurosurgery in Tanzania

Medical Insurance Company provides insurance coverage for Neurosurgery in Tanzanian Hospitals. The following are the Medical Insurance Companies for Neurosurgery in Tanzania:

  • AAR ( Kenya, Tanzania)
  • Strategis Insurance (Tanzania) Limited
  • CIGNA International
  • Allianz Worldwide Care Ltd.
  • CMN Insurance
  • Kangaroo Insurance Brokers Co. Limited
  • Blue Shield

Success Rate of Neurosurgery in Tanzania

Neurosurgery survival rates depend on the severity of damage that must be repaired, the type of brain surgery that will be done, and the patient’s age and condition. Except in cases of malignant tumors, where chances are decreased, the long-term survival rate for neurosurgery can range from 70 to 80% on average. The survival rate is significantly increased when neurosurgery is used to treat brain injury unrelated to tumors.

Top 4 Neurosurgeons in Tanzania

Dr. Philip Adebayo:

Currently, Dr. Philip Adebayo is employed by the Aga Khan University in Dar es Salaam’s Neurology Section of the Department of Internal Medicine. He conducts studies in internal medicine and neurology.

Dr. William Matuja:

Dr. William Matuja is a Leading Researcher at the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. He is a Neurologist and the Chair of the Tanzanian Epilepsy Association. He has been involved in studies in this region and has supported the Mahenge Epilepsy clinic for the past 30 years.

Dr. Isaya Tosiri:

Dr. Isaya Tosiri works at Aga Khan Hospital in Dar es Salaam. He is providing highly successful neurosurgery to Tanzanian Patients.

Dr. Othman Kiloloma:

Dr. Othman Kiloloma is currently working as a Neurosurgeon and Lecturer at Muhimbili Orthopaedic and Neurosurgical Institute.

Best Neurosurgery Hospitals in Tanzania – Year 2023

FAQs on Neurosurgery in Tanzania

Where can I find Neurosurgery reviews in Tanzania?

You can find Neurosurgery reviews in Tanzania here.

How can I book an appointment with a neurosurgeon in Tanzania?

You can contact us to get an appointment with a neurosurgeon in Tanzania. In addition, we can suggest the best surgeon in Tanzania.

How much does Neurosurgeies cost?

Neurosurgery’s cost depends on the type of condition the patient suffers from.

Does insurance cover Neurosurgery in Tanzania?

Yes, the insurance company covers the expenses of Neurosurgery.

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