Rhinoplasty, commonly known as a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the nose. There are two types of plastic surgery used reconstructive surgery that restores the form and functions of the nose and cosmetic surgery that improves the appearance of the nose.
What does a Rhinoplasty procedure do?
Rhinoplasty involves correction of:
- Length of the nose
- Width of the nose
- A deformity in the tip or bridge of the nose, like drooping tip or visible humps and depressions in the bridge of the nose
- Shape of the nostrils
- Nasal blocks due to septal deviation
- Correction of irregular dorsum e. g. Humps/ deviations.
- Nasal asymmetry
- Obstruction in airway or breathing
- Congenital deformities
Types of Rhinoplasty :
Reduction Rhinoplasty — this type of rhinoplasty is primarily to alter the size of the nose, correction of width of the nose or a bridge bump, or altering the nostril size and shape to bring them in proportion to the rest of the face.
Augmentation Rhinoplasty — this type involves increasing the dimensions of the nose by adding structural material or grafts for aesthetic and functional enhancement purposes.
Post-traumatic Rhinoplasty — as the name suggests, this type deals with the post- traumatic deformities of the nose, like deviation, asymmetry or even obstruction in airway and breathing.
Ethnic Rhinoplasty — The Ethnic Rhinoplasty takes into consideration the particular nasal characteristics based on the patient’s ethnicity. In a way all of the rhinoplasties can be considered as ethnic rhinoplasties as a special care is always taken towards maintaining the ethnic features of the face while correcting any kind of nasal deformity.
Risks of Rhinoplasty :
All surgeries carry some risks, including infection, bleeding, or a bad reaction to anesthesia. Rhinoplasty may also increase your risk of:
- Breathing difficulties
- A numb nose
- An asymmetrical nose
Who is the right candidate for a Rhinoplasty?
A person can be considered as an ideal candidate for Rhinoplasty if he/she has:
- Good general health
- Full grown facial features, except for cases where breathing is impaired and in trauma cases.
- Any breathing or airway problems
- Any kind of aesthetic nasal deformity
- Realistic expectations from the cosmetic treatment
Rhinoplasty can be done in a hospital, a doctor’s office, or an outpatient surgical facility. Your doctor will use local or general anesthesia. If it’s a simple procedure, you’ll receive local anesthesia to your nose, which will also numb your face. You may also get medication through an IV line that makes you groggy, but you’ll still be awake.
With general anesthesia, you’ll inhale a drug or get one through an IV that will make you unconscious. Children are usually given general anesthesia.
Once you’re numb or unconscious, your surgeon will make cuts between or inside your nostrils. They’ll separate your skin from your cartilage or bone and then start the reshaping. If your new nose needs a small amount of additional cartilage, your doctor may remove some from your ear or deep inside your nose. If more is needed, you might get an implant or a bone graft. A bone graft is additional bone that’s added to the bone in your nose.
The procedure usually takes between one and two hours. If the surgery is complex, it can take longer.
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