Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt Surgery Cost in Lagos

Cerebral shunts are widely used to treat hydrocephalus, the swelling of the brain due to excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulation (CSF). They are used to drain additional cerebrospinal fluid from the cranium cavity, since the pressure inside the cranium increases with extra fluid and can also affect the brain tissue. The shunt assist absorbs the excess fluid and helps to maintain the usual pressure within the cavity of the cranium. The excess fluid is drained into a drain or tube within the body that is tunneled through the chest or abdominal cavity.

Two forms of ventriculoperitoneal shunt occur.

  • Programmable
  • Nonprogrammable

The doctor programs the valve with a nonprogrammable shunt such that it activates once the fluid exceeds a certain level. A nonprogrammable shunt can not be modified after insertion. However, a programmable shunt has an external, customizable valve that the doctor can readjust according to the needs of the person at any time.

VP Shunt Surgery Cost in Lagos

  Surgery name    A minimum price (USD)   Maximum price (USD)   Average price (USD)    

 VP Shunt

$ 6,500 $ 8,500  $7,500   

The average VP Shunt Surgery Cost in Lagos is 7,500 USD.

 Lagos is the preferred destination for  VP Shunt Surgery because of the Low Cost of  VP Shunt Surgery in Lagos 6,500 USD.  Many patients travel from abroad and different parts of the country because the VP Shunt Surgery price in Lagos 6,500USD is affordable. 

There are many Hospitals with highly experienced  VP Shunt Surgery in Lagos. Lagos city also has a very good supply of Implants required for  VP Shunt Surgery in Lagos. 

VP Shunt Surgery reviews in Lagos by past clients are very encouraging because the VP Shunt Surgery success rate in Lagos is high. 


VP Shunt Insurance surgery coverage in Lagos 

  VP Shunt is a very common procedure in Lagos. Many health insurance companies assist you with this medical emergency surgery.  

 Top Insurance companies covering VP Shunt Surgery are, 

  • AIICO Insurance  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • Lead Way Assurance company  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • Custodian and Allied Insurance  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • Cornerstone Insurance Plc  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • AXA Mansard Insurance  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • African Alliance Insurance Plc VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • Goldlink Insurance Plc  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • Continental Insurance  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • Industrial and General Insurance Plc  VP Shunt Surgery coverage 
  • VP Shunt Surgery coverage from Lasaco Assurance Plc 

Different Kinds of Shunts

  • The abdomen (ventriculo-peritoneal or lumbo-peritoneal shunt)
  • The lung (ventriculo-pleural shunt)
  • The heart (ventriculo-atrial shunt)

Special Considerations for Ventriculo-Peritoneal (VP) Shunt

Before any abdominal operation, alert your neurosurgery team, so proper procedures can be addressed with your surgeon. Also, contact the team if you have an abdominal infection that needs emergency surgery or antibiotic treatment, including appendicitis, peritonitis, diverticulitis, or any other illness.

Special Considerations for Ventriculo-Atrial (VA) Shunt

30 to 60 minutes before any surgical or dental operation, make sure to take antibiotics. Daily aspirin may be prescribed by your doctor to avoid blood clots at the far end of the catheter.


VP Shunt Surgery procedure in Lagos

The placement of a VP shunt is usually carried out by doctors when a patient is under general anesthesia. During the process, you will be unconscious and will not feel pain. The whole process is about 90 minutes long.

Talk about preoperative food and drink limits to the medical care team. Prior to surgery, older kids and adults can need to fast for at least eight hours. Six hours before surgery, babies and toddlers will only need to avoid eating baby formula and solid foods, but they may normally drink water up to four hours before the planned operation. In all cases, you can discuss these directions with your surgical team.
In preparation for shunting, the surgical nurse will shave the region behind your ear, as this is where they will insert the catheter. Small, flexible tubes used for removing excess fluid are catheters. A surgeon will make a small incision behind the ear and drill a tiny hole in the skull as well. Via this opening, they would then thread one catheter into the brain. Behind your ear, the other catheter goes and is subcutaneous, meaning it remains under the skin. This tube passes down to your chest and abdomen, allowing the abdominal cavity, where your body absorbs it, to drain excess CSF. A small pump may be attached to both catheters by your surgeon and placed under the skin behind your ear.
In addition, to drain blood, the pump will automatically work when the pressure in the skull increases. When the fluid rises to a certain level, it might also be possible to configure the pump, also called a valve, to activate.

The cost of VP Shunt  Surgery in Lagos is as following: 

  Surgery name    Minimum price (Naira)   Maximum price (Naira)  Average price (Naira)  
VP Shunt ₦ 2,476,500 ₦ 3,238,500 ₦2,857,500


The Cost for VP Shunt Surgery may vary according to the following factors: 

  • Doctor’s Fee 
  • Hospital charges 
  • Medical condition after VP Shunt surgery
  • Type & Quality of Implants/Consumables 
  • Lab Tests recommended post-VP Shunt 

Who needs VP Shunt Surgery?

For a variety of reasons, excess fluid may build up around the brain, including:

  • CSFF Overproduction
  • Poor CSF absorption in the blood vessels
  • blockages that restrict the flow of fluid in the brain

The most prevalent cause of hydrocephalus is blockages. Brain cysts, tumors, or inflammation may block the normal flow of CSF and produce an unsafe flow of CSF.

  • large head size
  • headaches
  • seizures
  • irritability
  • excessive sleepiness
  • incontinence
  • poor appetite
  • cognitive delays or regression
  • memory loss
  • poor coordination
  • impaired vision

The diagnosis of hydrocephalus can be confirmed by imaging scans. Doctors can see the cavities and tissues inside the brain by ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI scans. Tests can indicate whether there is more fluid in areas of the brain than normal.

The diagnosis of hydrocephalus can be confirmed by imaging scans. Doctors can see the cavities and tissues inside the brain by ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI scans. Tests can indicate whether there is more fluid in areas of the brain than normal.

What is the VP Shunt Surgery success rate in Lagos? 

The success rates depend on the patient’s age and the reason the shunt is needed. Generally, for ventriculoperitoneal shunts, there is about a 50 percent failure rate. The shunt tubing that needs surgical revision may become contaminated or blocked.

How to prepare for VP Shunt Surgery in Lagos

The doctor will tell an individual how to plan for this operation. The physician can recommend:

  • Avoid drinking alcohol because it can influence surgery and rehabilitation.
  • Avoid taking vitamin E, because it can cause bleeding.
  • Avoiding vitamins and herbal remedies
  • Discuss any current medicine, because, before surgery, individuals might need to avoid taking any
  • Discussing any cardiac devices and effects of any heart function tests
  • Notification of any allergies
  • Talking about how smoking can impact surgery,
  • Talking to sleep apnea, if present,

The doctor may ask a person not to eat in the evening before the surgery, after midnight. They may also advise a person about how much water they should drink before surgery and when to drink it.

Risks of VP shunt Surgery

A very secure technique is the positioning of a shunt. During or after the operation, however, complications may occur. Excessive bleeding and infection include risks associated with any surgical procedure. You may also experience anesthesia side effects, such as breathing problems, heart rate increases, or changes in blood pressure levels.

Unique to VP shunting, there are uncommon risks that can be serious and potentially life-threatening if left untreated, including:

  • infection in the shunt or brain
  • blood clots
  • bleeding in the brain
  • damage to brain tissue
  • swelling of the brain

Fever, headache, abdominal pain, exhaustion, and a blood pressure increase can suggest an infection or a failure of the shunt, or have the same symptoms that were present when the shunt was initially installed.

Recovery for VP Shunt Surgery

An individual may have a slight headache after surgery. In order to control this, the doctor will give them pain killers.

After surgery, a person can not be able to eat normally immediately. They will need liquids to start and move on to solid foods.

At a follow-up appointment, the doctor will remove a person’s stitches. Meanwhile, a person should keep his incisions clean and check every day for signs of infection. Infection signs may include:

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Fluid leakage

The doctor will let a person know when he or she will begin to shower again. It may not be possible to shower right away, since it may affect how the wounds heal by making the incisions wet.

Resting after surgery to help to heal is a good idea. When an individual can resume regular everyday activities and go back to work, the doctor can advise them.

 VP Shunt Surgery Cost in Lagos

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