Cardiology Surgery in Uganda
Heart disease is a disabling ailment, and many developing nations frequently lack the required surgical procedures. The Uganda Heart Institute has established a strategy in which open heart operations are performed locally by visiting teams, facilitating the transfer of expertise to the local team and aiding in capacity building. Uganda, therefore, is leading among other African countries in providing good heart services. However, it would be excellent to eventually establish a specialized cardiac treatment facility in an environment with minimal resources. Also, the cardiology cost in Uganda is much cheaper than receiving it in a foreign country.
In many developing nations, a concentrated effort to combat common pediatric infectious illnesses has significantly decreased baby and under-five mortality. Consequently, children’s morbidity and mortality are increasingly attributed to pediatric cardiology problems. Unfortunately, few Sub-Saharan African nations offer cardiac catheterization procedures and pediatric cardiology surgery. Only at the Uganda Heart Institute are pediatric cardiology surgeries feasible in Uganda.
The opening of the first Cardiac Clinic at Mulago Hospital in 1958 offered medical care and diagnostic services, and specialized cardiac care was established in Uganda. Beginning in February 2012, when two patients underwent balloon pulmonary valvuloplasties (BPVs) using fluoroscopy, pediatric cardiac catheterization at the UHI was initiated. At the Institute, a special catheterization laboratory building with a biplane system was put into service in May 2012.
To satisfy the nation’s needs for pediatric cardiovascular care, the UHI launched a cardiology fellowship training program in 2010. There are both local and foreign faculty members. The process has included the following:
- A local apprenticeship component.
- Training by visiting teams during open heart surgery and cardiac catheterization missions.
- Case conferences through telemedicine with medical professionals at the Children’s Health System in the USA.