Cardiac Surgery in Uganda
Congenital and acquired Cardiac conditions are now one of Uganda’s leading causes of childhood mortality. The successful outcomes of public health initiatives have decreased the mortality of infectious diseases. Udanga’s increasing availability of pediatric surgical care, particularly in cardiology, may reduce Cardiac diseases. However, thanks to the efforts of the Uganda Heart Institute, access to heart surgery and treatment is increasing. The Cardiac Surgery cost in Uganda is less due to the experts performing surgeries in the country at well-facilitated hospitals.
History of Cardiac Surgery in Uganda:
In 1956, Prof. Somers Crusher of the Department of Medicine established the first cardiac clinic at Mulago Hospital. In 1958, the first operational cardiac laboratory was founded. The Queen of Holland donated a new Cardiac Laboratory set up in the Department of Internal Medicine when the New Mulago Hospital was built in 1960.
In Mulago Hospital, open heart surgery was carried out in 1969 using the core cooling technique. Unfortunately, all of these developments were lost due to the political crisis in the 1970s, which cut off all trainees abroad and forced them to return home. It was decided to establish the Heart Institute at a meeting in Mulago in 1988. The Uganda Heart Foundation, Makerere University, Mulago Hospital, and the Ministry of Health attended the meeting.
The Mulago Hospital, the Ministry of Health, Makerere University, and the Uganda Heart Foundation were the founding bodies of the Uganda Heart Institute, formally established in 2001. UHI thus started functioning as a partially autonomous Unit under Mulago Hospital in. In October 2007, the first open heart surgery case was performed.